Sunday, December 4, 2011

Cousins and British Newspapers

(NSGS News Editor: Below are excerpts from two articles that were recently posted on Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter. Both articles contain information that may be of interest to NSGS Members. Links are provided to allow access to the complete articles.)

The following information is from Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter and is copyright by Richard W. Eastman. It is re-published here with the permission of the author. Information about the newsletter is available at: (Published 01 December 2011) (Accessed 02 December 2011)

What Is "Second Cousin Once Removed?"

A term often found in genealogy is "removed," specifically when referring to family relationships. Indeed, almost everyone has heard of a "second cousin once removed," but many people cannot explain that relationship. Of course, a person might be more than once removed, as in third cousin, four times removed.

In short, the definition of cousins is two people who share a common ancestor. Here are a few definitions of cousin relationships:
First Cousin: Your first cousins are the people in your family who have at least one of the same grandparents as you. In other words, they are the children of your aunts and uncles.
Second Cousin: Your second cousins are the people in your family who share the same great-grandparent with you.
Third, Fourth, and Fifth Cousins: Your third cousins share at least one great-great-grandparent, fourth cousins share a great-great-great-grandparent, and so on.
Removed: When the word "removed" is used to describe a relationship, it indicates that the two people are from different generations. "Once removed" indicates a difference of one generation, "twice removed" indicates a difference of two generations, and so forth.

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British Newspaper Archive is Now Online

I have written before about plans by the British Newspaper Archive to digitize 40 million news pages from its vast 750 million page collection of old newspapers. You can read one of my earlier articles about the plans at

Now the collection is online at:

To be sure, not all 750 million pages are online just yet. However, thousands of pages are being added daily. If you do not find what you want today, you might return in a few months to search again. The British Newspaper Archive is a partnership between the British Library and brightsolid online publishing to digitise up to 40 million newspaper pages from the British Library's vast collection over the next 10 years.

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